Natural Resources Management

IIRD believes in a participatory process that enables its stakeholders to play a decisive role in developing and managing the resources that are of vital importance for them.
 

When addressing the issue of natural resource management in rural areas one of the main endeavors should be to promote sustainable agriculture. Creating a more sustainable food production system that allows for optimized usage of nature’s goods without damaging the environment has proven to be the solution for many problems faced by rural communities all over the world. Through its holistic approach towards humankind’s relation with the earth, sustainable agriculture has been showing its benefits in the environmental, social and economic sense by striving to address all these aspects in an integrated manner. Therefore IIRD’s projects related to water management, lift irrigation, vermicomposting and waste management have been carried out with the ultimate goal of building up the necessary infrastructure and raising awareness for the development of sustainable agriculture practices.

Faced with challenges like low levels of ground water and environmental degradation, lack of agricultural based livelihood opportunities for the communities and the resultant poor socio-economic status of the communities, including the women, IIRD has taken up the cause of Natural Resource Management as a very dear cause. It has believed in a participatory process that enabled the primary stakeholders to play a decisive role in developing and managing the resources that are of vital importance for them. It has performed the following deeds:

  • Formation of community based groups
  • Ensuring active participation by target population and participatory approach for planning decision-making, sharing responsibilities, promotion and communication
  • Empowering women in land use management and production, along with the development of self-help potential
  • Conflict management through creation of forums and mechanisms of negotiation and the setting up of a comprehensive and permanent monitoring system to allow proper control of activities

Objectives:


To enhance alternative sustainable usage of nature’s goods by preserving the natural resources available, without damaging the environment

The Program at a Glance

Program

Area and Time

Supporting Agency

No of lives affected (approx)

Waste Management through Vermiculture

Kutch (Gujarat), Jhalawar, Jaipur, Alwar, Bundi, Tonk, Kota (Rajasthan)
1999- 2006

Asian Development Bank, Government of Gujarat, CAPART, Department of biotechnology, Department of Science and Technology

1300 in Rajasthan
500 in Gujarat

Water Resources Augmentation Project  (WRAP)

Jhalawar, 2002- 2004

CARE, Rajasthan

All families in Sunel, town and 10 adjoining villages

Rashtriya Sam Vikas Pariyojna 

Jhalawar, 2002- 2008

Zilla Parishad, Government of Rajasthan

120 Anicuts built benefiting 50000 people

Motivation to Voluntary Resettlement Plan Assistance in Mobilizing Issue in Bisalpur Jaipur Water Supply Project- A study on Water Demand Survey

Tonk, 2005

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

200 families

Integrated Watershed Development

Nayagaon, Jhalawar district,
2010 - Till date

NABARD and ITC-RDT

84 ha land protected from erosion.
249 families benefited directly

Livelihood Enhancement through Integrated Watershed Management

Jhalarpatan, Pirawa and Bakani of Jhalawar District of Rajasthan State, 2010 - Till date

MGNREGS

21 villages of 7 Gram Panchayats benefits in about 4088 ha

Capacity Building Initiatives of Water User Associations (WUA)
37 Sub Projects in Jhalawar, Baran, Bundi districts, 2010-11
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
5000 families

Waste Management through Vermiculture

Year: 1999- 2006
Place: Kutch (Gujarat), Jhalawar, Jaipur, Alwar, Bundi, Tonk, Kota (Rajasthan)
Partner Agency: Asian Development Bank, Government of Gujarat, CAPART, Department of biotechnology, Department of Science and Technology

Objectives:
Substituting chemical fertilizers through rich organic vermicompost

Impact:
The upstart of activities in the district of Alwar in 1999 marked the beginning of IIRD’s involvement in Vermicomposting Projects. Since then we have been active in 5 districts of Rajasthan and one district of Gujarat with the support of CAPART, DBT GoI, EDII Ahmedabad, and UNICEF Rajasthan. Substituting chemical fertilizers through rich organic vermicompost is one of the main objectives of these projects. With the help of earthworms, low quality organic waste like cow dung is transformed into excellent humus which is capable of increasing crop yields and improving the flavor and appearance of fruit and vegetables. Crops are less prone to termite infestation, and noxious fertilizers, which pollute local water resources, are no longer required. In the long run, earthworms are a more economical option than chemical fertilizers and in due course, farmers can earn additional income by selling surplus compost.
Once vermicultures have been established, they act as demonstration units for the surrounding area. The many visible and tangible benefits of this simple organic farming method contribute to traditional farmers’ willingness to try the new method and increasingly, adaptation takes place thanks to word of mouth.

Besides continuing to approach traditional farmers, IIRD’s future endeavors in this area will focus on marketing the vermicompost produced by beneficiaries beyond the measure of their personal requirements.

Figures:
So far, more than 2,500 farms (1300 in Rajasthan and 500 in Gujarat) have adapted the vermicomposting method and major achievements like recovery of over-exploited fields, increase of moisture retention in soil resulting in less water needed for irrigation and drought proofing of ecologically fragile areas have been registered.


Water Resources Augmentation Project (WRAP)

Year: 2002- 2004
Place: Jhalawar
Partner Agency: CARE, Rajasthan

Objectives:
Improve sanitary conditions, water harvesting systems, drinking water accessibility facilities in the areas of operation

Impact:
IIRD’s engagement in the CARE Rajasthan supported Water Resources Augmentation Project (WRAP), from 2002 to 2004 marked its participation in integrated water management projects. The difference between this project and similar previous ones is that such programs tend to deal with the water problem focusing on the availability of water resources for domestic, industrial and agricultural usage. Sanitation and health issues may be addressed, but only as an integrated part of the overall intervention. From drinking water accessibility and sanitation facilities to rain water harvesting systems, the Institute was responsible for providing and promoting the infrastructure, knowledge and community participation necessary to help preserving and managing the locally available water resources.

The project was first implemented in Sunel town and ten other adjoining villages of Jhalawar District with the aim to increase water availability - for consumption and irrigation. Additionally, one aim was to improve sanitary conditions through village committee’s empowerment and active participation. More than providing local community with the know-how or the necessary technical guidance, IIRD’s role was to ensure the creation of a strong and real sense of ownership of each of the activities which were being undertaken. As a catalyst and facilitating agency the IIRD promoted the establishment and capacity building of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) – 10 Mahalla Vikas Samittee, 10 Multi Purpose Groups and a Core Committee in Sunel City – which were ultimately responsible for the development, implementation and maintenance of their specific micro plans.

In a second phase of the project, major attention was given to the creation of infrastructure and dissemination of best practices to augment and preserve water resources for domestic and irrigation use.  A multitude of initiatives were undertaken and local laborers were given employment in the construction of drainage lines, water zoning systems, sanitary latrines, anicuts, handpumps and wells.

Figures:
All families in Sunel and Nayagaon town and 10 adjoining villages

Rashtriya Sam Vikas Pariyojna

Year: 2002- 2008
Place: Jhalawar
Partner Agency: Zilla Parishad, Government of Rajasthan

Objectives:
Constructing Lift Irrigation Systems to save and make optimized use of water

Impact:
Building up on the expertise gained through the implementation of WRAP, IIRD team was ready to extend its involvement in water management issues by providing lift irrigation systems to needed farmers of the rural areas.

The first experience was in 2002 in the village of Gadhawali, which is located in Jhalawar district. During 6 months, 39 local farmers were provided with technical guidance and capacity building sessions for the construction of lift irrigation systems. A cooperative society was established to share the benefits and responsibilities of the new initiative and after the first crop, a two to threefold increase in crop yield compared to the previous harvests.

Figures:
Since 2005, 22 other lift irrigation systems are going to be built in Jhalawar District based on the successful strategy adopted in Gadhawali. This initiative is part of the Rastriya Sam Vikas Yojna Project, which is being implemented since March 2005. 250 well re-charging units in 120 villages and 28 anicuts were constructed. Through the funding out of Zila Parishad Jhalawar a total amount of around Rs. 75 lakhs was invested and around 50000 people were benefited with access to water for domestic and irrigation use.

Mobilizing for Voluntary Resettlement Plan under the Bisalpur Jaipur Water Supply Project

Year: 2006
Place: Tonk
Partners: Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Objectives:
IIRD implemented the plan of resettlement of the affected families of poor people under the following objectives:
•             Mobilization and motivation to APs for the sake of formation of based organization
•             Planning and implementation of income generating activities
•             Development of information campaign and community participation.
•             Strengthening local institution and self reliance community
•             Difficult based reach delivery service to communities of self reliance, in efficient manner
•             Follow up of implication R.P and preparation of exit policies.

 Impact:
Under the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Supported Bisalpur – Jaipur Water Supply Project the Rajasthan Urban Development  Infrastructure Development (RUIDP) has been worked out for comprehensive  resettlement plan, that has been designed to assist the affected families of rural area who were involved  in land acquisition through Bisalpur – Jaipur Water supply project, and it was fairly planned to their economic well being to the standard that was  fair and equal to be better than that in which they were employed before acquisition conferred.
In this context, it took up the following activities:

  • An orientation was conducted to reveal the APs about resettlement policies so that no dissatisfaction may be apparent
  • Conducting the survey to gather socio economic cultural information about the deprived and unprivileged affected families
  • Ascertain the same with the sarpanch and local authorities
  • Making them aware about the prevalent conditions, and issues pertaining to health and hygience
  • Most importantly, develop and implementing schemes for income generation. Youth were trained for various skill development activities so that they may be self employed in Electrical Repair and Electric Wiring, Motor Winding and Repair, Puncture Repair, Auto Repairing and Two Wheeler Repairing. In agriculture, the use of vermi-compost was introduced. For women empowerment, SHG formation and trainings for Jewelry Making, Soft Toy Making, Fruit Preservation, and Pickle Making were conducted.
  • Carrying Immunization programs for children and other needy groups. Anemic pregnant women were given iron and vitamin tablets, and ORS liquid was distributed among those suffering from diarrhea
  • Inculcate optimized use of natural resources and human potential, among the participants, in a bid to develop community based culture. All SHGs were linked with Banks for loaning to increase their trades.

In relation to the project, Indian Institute for Rural Development (IIRD) also activated a complementary plan to be focused on helping in development livelihood program to enhance the income generating level of affected persons. The plan had been implemented by the IIRD initially to engage the service of the affected people, IIRD worked with the state of Rajasthan, District Tonk and Block Toda Raisingh were affected by land acquisition by Government for the Bisalpur Jaipur Water Supply project. 

Figures:
5000 families benefited and rehabilitated under the program

Integrated Watershed Development

Year: 2010 - Till date
Place: Nayagaon, Jhalawar district
Partner Agency: NABARD and ITC-RDT

Objectives:
Constructing Lift Irrigation Systems to save and make optimized use of water
Create useful water and soil conservation assets
Increase the availability of biomass through revegetation of the common lands and increased availability of surface and ground water through soil and moisture conservation and retention measures
Create model work-culture under the project
Assist individual farmers through appropriate soil and water conservation measures to improve water availability for agriculture, livestock improvement and thereby, improving agricultural productivity
Strengthen the village level and watershed-level governance of biomass and water resources by village communities, including involvement of Panchayats in addressing natural resource management
Assist communities in effectively integrating agriculture and natural resources management and in regulating the demand for biomass and water through rules, regulations and mechanisms evolved by community institutions at village and inter village levels
Strengthen the inter-linkages between different production systems and productivity enhancement through appropriate intervention thus improving the cash flows in the village economy Improve sanitary conditions in the localities

Impact:
The implementation of the Watershed Development program in collaboration with NABARD and ITC-RDT, has witnessed almost one year of intervention and association with the rural households of the designated watershed area of Nayagaon, Jhalawar district. The intent of the program is to improve livelihoods of the community through implementation of watershed development project and enhance agriculture production in the region.

Figures:
IIRD achieved the following in a period of one and a half years:

  • 2134 Cum EFB, 55 Cum SO, 446 Cum WAT, 640 Cum WW, 234 Cum BGP and 701 Cum CCT completed.
  • 1,11,830 Rs. contribution generated from beneficiaries.
  • 84 ha land protected from erosion.
  • 249 families benefited directly.
  • 3418 person days generated.
  • 18 SHGs constituted that saved 1,36,800 Rs. has done internal lending of saved amount.

Livelihood Enhancement through Integrated Watershed Management under MGNREGS

Year: 2010 - Till date
Place: Jhalarpatan, Pirawa and Bakani of Jhalawar District of Rajasthan State

Objectives:
To provide 100% wage rate by achieving 100% task though quality works
  • To create useful water conservation assets
  • To create model work-culture under the project.
  • To strengthen the village level governance of biomass and water resources by village communities, including involvement of Panchayats in addressing natural resource management
  • To assist communities in effectively integrating agriculture and natural resources management and in regulating the demand for biomass and water through rules, regulations and mechanisms evolved by community institutions at village and inter village levels
  • Strengthen the inter-linkages between different production systems and productivity enhancement through appropriate intervention thus improving the cash flows in the village economy
  • To assist individual farmers through app`ropriate soil and water conservation measures to improve water availability for agriculture, livestock improvement and thereby, improving agricultural productivity
  • To increase the availability of biomass through re-vegetation of the common lands and increased availability of surface and ground water through soil and moisture conservation and retention measures

Impact:
IIRD undertook the livelihood program in the three blocks of Jhalarpatan, Pirawa and Bakani of Jhalawar District of Rajasthan State. The project covered 21 villages of 7 Gram Panchayats benefits in about 4088 ha area.

Figures:
Following were the outcomes:
  • 98.89% wage rate paid in comparison of district average wage rate of 89%.
  • Most of labour payments done with in 15 days of musteroll completion while Gram Panchayats takes 30 to 45 days to make labour payments.
  • 25705 person days generated and paid very good wage amount with in time.
  • 21 village development committees constituted at village level having presentation of all castes of the village.
  • Thirty seven Integrated Paste and Nutrient Management (IPNM) demos on wheat and coriander given in the project area to increase yield and quality of produce in same area and same time.
  • Fifty deprived families benefited with FMCG shops to associate them with livelihood and provide quality of products to villages.
  • Various 37 training and 03 exposure visits conducted to build capacity of beneficiaries

Capacity Building Initiatives of Water User Associations (WUA)

Year: 2010-11
Place: 37 Sub Projects in Jhalawar, Baran, Bundi districts
Partner Agency: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Impact:
Through 37 Sub Projects in Jhalawar, Baran, Bundi districts, IIRD initiated capacity building of WUAs under Rajasthan Minor Irrigation Improvement Project (RAJAMIIP), with funding assistance from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).
IIRD conducted the following activities in an orderly manner, of which most of them are ongoing:

  • Conducting 36 Mass Awareness Camps
  • Conducting Base Line Socio-Economic Survey of WUAs members
  • Data Entry and Processing using software
  • Selection, Identification and Formation of WUAs
  • Understanding the Social dynamics of formed WUAs and opening account in each WUAs
  • Constitution of project sub committee in each WUAs
  • Capacity Building of NGO professionals, Training of Trainers, Training on Capacity Building and Exposure Visits
  • MoU between WRD - WUAs and Fund mobilization towards delivery of Agriculture support and extension services and linkages with agriculture inputs for increasing       
  • Holding timely meetings
  • Documentation of Learning

Thus, efforts have been painstakingly taken towards reviving economic growth with a special focus on natural resources and improving human development outcomes by strategic investments in the social sector and community-driven development initiatives.

Figures:
5000 families have benefitted from this program.

Success Story


Mohan Singh was happy tilling his small farm with a pair of borrowed bullocks. He had always dreamt of owning a tractor, but could not do so, as he had no knowledge of the financial processes around it. He found it so very easy to take loans along with his friends through IIRD from SIDBI that he immediately volunteered. Today, he not only owns a tractor, but has also bought more fields to cultivate.

I am grateful to IIRD for spreading sunshine in my career. I had begun with just one vehicle, and now, I have more land than I had ever dreamt of.

- Mohan Singh, Farmer, Kota